A lesson plan is one of the most important teaching aids every teacher needs. A lesson plan or lesson note is detailed description of the course of instruction for one class drawn by a teacher. The purpose of a a lesson plan to guide a teacher’s in carrying out his class instruction. Some schools mandate teachers to follow certain patterns of lesson plan, but generally, a lesson plan would follow the pattern below.

**A LESSON PLAN ON MATHEMATICS**

**CLASS: JS1**

**AGE: 12 YEARS**

**TOPIC: Measurement**

**DURATION: 35 MINUTES**

**DATE: 13/01/2019**

**INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES**

It is expected that at the end of the lesson, the pupils should be able to;

- Calculate average speed, time and distance
- Solve word problems on average speed.

**ENTRY BEHAVIOUR**

It is assumed:

- that the pupils have studied conversion of measuring parameters (metre, Decimetre, Kilometre etc
- That the pupils are aware that it takes time to reach a particular distance.
- they are aware that the faster the speed the closer the time to reach the distance.

**ENTRY BEHAVIOUR TEST**

- What parameter do we use in measuring distance?
- Recite the conversion table for measuring distance.
- How many minutes does it takes you from your houses to school?

**INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIAL**

Course Text book, Course work book, Conversion chart, White board.

**INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNIQUES**

Explanation, repetition, demonstration, illustrations, questioning

STEP/CONTENT DEVELOPMENT |
TEACHER ACTIVITY |
PUPILS ACTIVITY |
INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGY |

STEP 1, Set Induction/ Introduction | 1. The teacher stimulates the pupil by asking them to recite the conversion table for measuring distance (Metre),
2. The teacher introduces the day’s lesson as 3. The teacher asks the pupils to define average speed. 4. The Teacher defines average speed as |
1. The Pupils make attempts to recite the meter conversion table.
2. The pupils listen attentively 3. Pupils make attempts to define average speed 4. Pupils listen and take down the definition. |
1. Explanation
2. Questioning 3. Repetition |

STEP 2 Units of Measurement; Distance and Time | 1. The teacher asks the pupils the unit of measuring distance
2. The teacher clarifies the pupil’s response that 3. The Teacher asks the pupils the unit of measuring time. 4. The teacher clarifies the pupil’s response that |
1. Pupils attempt to list the unit of measuring distance.
2. Pupils listen attentively and put down notes 3. Pupils attempt to list the unit of measuring distance. 4. Pupils listen attentively and put down notes |
1. Explanation
2. Demonstration 3. Questioning |

STEP 3 Calculating Average Speed | 1. The teacher gives example; Bola walks 20km in 5hours. Calculate the average speed.
2. The teacher provides the solution; Distance covered is 20km, Time spent is 5hours, therefore, Bola’s average speed is distance covered divide by time taken, which is 20km/5hours = 4km/hr. 3. Teacher provides another example; A pupil left home at 7.25am and arrived school at 8.15am. If the distance from home to school is 2.5km, Find the average speed in km/hr. 4. Teacher solves the example as follows; Distance travelled is 2.5km, Time taken is time arrived less time started, 8.15am less 7.25am =50mins. Expressing speed in km/hr, covert to hr and km. 50mins =50/60 = 0.83hr. average speed =2.5km/0.83hrs = 3km/hr. 5. Teacher presents another example; Present speed in metre/sec in the last question. 6. Teacher solves as follows; distance covered is 2.5km, coverting to metre is 2.5km x1000 = 2500m. Time taken is 50min. Convert to sec is 50mins x60 = 3000sec. Average speed = 2500/3000 = 5/6m/s. |
1. Pupils take down note of the example given.
2. Pupils listen attentively as the teacher solves the example while taking down notes and asking questions for clarifications. 3. Pupils take down note of the example given. 4. Pupils listen attentively as the teacher solves the example while taking down notes and asking questions for clarifications. 5. Pupils take down note of the example given. 6. Pupils listen attentively as the teacher solves the example while taking down notes and asking questions for clarifications. |
7. Illustration
8. Explanation 9. Demonstration 10. Questioning |

**PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT**

The Teacher asks the Pupils to solve the following illustrations to ascertain the extent to which the instructional objectives have been achieved;

- A bus driver took 5hrs from Lokoja to Owerri with a distance of 350km, Calculate the average speed.
- Obi covered a distance of 5000metres in 20minutes. What is the average speed in metre/seconds?

**CLOSURE**

The Teacher goes round the class marking the pupil’s solution to the question and also making corrections (If any). Teacher also gives take home assignment to the Pupils to be submitted at next lesson.