IS:derailer

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derailer
 


Scheme description / Schemenbeschreibung / Description du schéma

Position of derailer in the XML-Tree / Position von derailer im XML-Baum / position de derailer dans l’aborescence XML

Multiplicity / Anzahl / Multiplicité

[0..∞]

Semantics / Bedeutung / Sémantique

A <derailer> is a device used to prevent fouling of a rail track by unauthorized movements of trains or unattended rolling stock. It works (as the name suggests) by derailing the equipment as it rolls over or through the derail. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derail (external link)

Attributes of derailer / Attribute von derailer / Attributs de derailer

  • id: XML-file-wide unique, machine-interpretable identity, required for later referencing that element internally. For a detailed explanation see Dev:identities.
    XML-Datei-weit eindeutige, maschineninterpretierbare Identität, die für die spätere interne Referenzierung dieses Elements erforderlich ist. Für eine detaillierte Erklärung siehe Dev:identities.
  • code (introduced with version 2.1): Machine-interpretable string (e.g. an abbreviation) used for identification of the object across exchange partners, usecase specific uniqueness constraints may apply. Please see our description of the differences between id, code and human-readable identifiers.
    Maschineninterpretierbare Zeichenkette (z.B. Abkürzung), die zur Identifizierung des Objekts auch bei Austauschpartnern verwendet wird, wobei spezifische Eindeutigkeitsbeschränkungen gelten können. Bitte beachten Sie unsere Erläuterung zu den Unterschieden zwischen id, code and menschenlesbaren Kennzeichnungen.
  • name: Established, human-readable short string, giving the object a name. Not intended for machine interpretation, please see our notice on human interpretable data fields.
    Etablierte, menschenlesbare kurze Zeichenkette, die das Objekt benennt. Nicht zur maschinellen Interpretation bestimmt, siehe Hinweise zu menschenlesbaren Datenfeldern.
  • description: Human-readable, more detailed description as addition to the name. It should give additional explanations or hints to the contents of this element. Not intended for machine interpretation, please see our notice on human interpretable data fields.
    Menschenlesbare, detailliertere Beschreibung als Ergänzung zu name. Sie soll zusätzliche Erläuterungen oder Hinweise auf den Inhalt dieses Elements geben. Nicht zur maschinellen Interpretation bestimmt, siehe Hinweise zu menschenlesbaren Datenfeldern.
  • xml:lang (introduced with version 2.1): This is a unique identifier of language. It uses basically the language standard IETF BCP 47 (external link) which may be different to ISO 639-1 (external link) or ISO 639-2 (external link). For mapping hints see relation to other standards (external link).
    This defines the language used for name and description. Use <additionalName> to provide a name and/or description in other languages.
  • pos: This is the position on a track defined as distance from its start (trackBegin) regardless the "absolute mileage" in @absPos.
    Das ist die Position des Elements auf einem Track i.S. der realen Entfernung zum trackBegin. Sie ist damit unabhängig von der mit absPos modellierten Strecken-Kilometrierung.
Note.png For an explanation of the differences between @pos and @absPos see <mileageChange>
  • absPos: This is the position on a track as absolute mileage/chainage.
    Das ist die Position des Elements im Referenzsystem der Strecken-Kilometrierung.
Note.png For an explanation of the differences between @pos and @absPos see <mileageChange>
  • absPosOffset (deprecated with version 2.1): The semantics of this attribute aren't very clear. It seems to be redundant to the definitions with mileageChanges in "overlapping regions".
  • dir: This defines the validity of <derailer> along the track. Possible values are:
  • none: <derailer> has no direction restriction.
  • up: This denotes the direction from the <trackBegin> to the <trackEnd> (increasing relative position values).
  • down: This goes opposite to up (decreasing relative position values).
  • both: <derailer> is valid in both directions.
  • unknown: <derailer> is restricted to a certain direction, but this direction is not known.
  • ruleCode: Code for this element in the rule book, combination of letters and numbers and space allowed, e.g. Ne5, GA, SFRS/E
  • derailSide: Side, to which the vehicle will be derailed (left or right) considering the orientation of the track.
  • kind: kind of derail device (cp. book "Railway Signalling and Interlocking" by Gregor Theeg and Sergej Vlasenko (Editors), p. 155)
  • model: specification of the derailer

Syntactic Constraints / Syntaktische Beschränkungen / Contraintes syntactiques

  • id: xs:ID, required
    a string, starting with a letter (a..zA..Z) or an underscore (_),
    followed by a non-colonized and non-spaced string consisting of letters, digits, points (.), dashes (-) or underscores (_)


  • pos: tLengthM (xs:decimal, 6 fraction digits, length value measured in meter); required; must be greater than or equal to zero, less than or equal to the track's length
  • absPos: xs:decimal, 6 fraction digits, length value measured in meter; optional
  • absPosOffset: xs:decimal, 6 fraction digits, length value measured in meter; optional
  • dir: xs:string, generic type for direction statements: enumeration up, down, unknown, none, both; optional
  • ruleCode: xs:string
  • derailSide optional
  • kind optional

Best practice & Examples / Empfohlene Anwendung & Beispiele / Bonnes pratiques & exemples

Not yet described. / Noch nicht beschrieben. / Pas encore décrit.

Notes / Anmerkungen / Notes

General information on positioning

Positive pos values describe the distance from the track's begin. The track length is derived from the pos value in <trackEnd>.

The absolute mileage refered to by absPos is usually found on technical drawings of the track layout or on mileage posts next to the track.

Open issues / Offene Punkte/Pedenzen / Questions ouvertes

Not yet described. / Noch nicht beschrieben. / Pas encore décrit.